American and french revolution slideshare
American and french revolution slideshare
Causes am rev fr rev. Show related SlideShares at end. Random SandiStudent. Are you sure you want to. Be the first to like this. No notes for slide. BY SANDRA CASH The French rrvolution American Revolutions. Under the Old Order, the king was at the top, and three social groups called estates were under him. Many educated members of the bourgeoisie knew about the writings of the great Enlightenment philosophers like John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
Seeing frenvh these ideas were transforming government and society in other countries, some of Anerican bourgeoisie began to consider how these ideas might be used in France. See there was a hailstorm that killed American and french revolution slideshare of the crops. Then winter froze rivers which prevented waterwheels from powering the mills that ground wheat into flour. Food and firewood where hard to find and if you could find it, it was very expensive.
This lead to a lot of mad people who snd rebelled. Holding his head in the man hand showing everyone is obviously symbolic is some way. The French and Indian War had been very expensive for Britain, so Britain decided to Compaq contabilidad 2010 full the colonies pay part of the cost in the form of new taxes.
Like the Stamp Act, this act required colonists to pay a tax for an official stamp on all newspapers, legal documents and other public papers. Colonial leaders were outraged that Parliament taxed them without representatives there to plead their case. Soon the colonists were starting to boycott English goods, which caused Parliament to repeal the Stamp Act in Furious merchants in Boston, Massachusetts, one of the largest colonial cities and American and french revolution slideshare major port, called for another boycott of English goods.
The British sent in troops to keep order in the city. Finally, in British discipline snapped. Troops shot and killed five men in an incident known as the Boston Massacre. Most of the American and french revolution slideshare Acts were partially repealed after another colonial boycott. However, the tax on tea remained. Led by Samuel Adams slidsshare Paul Revere, the Sons of Liberty dumped hundreds of crates of tea rrench the harbor to protest the tax, an act known as the Boston Tea Party.
A plan to reconcile their differences with the British was presented, but it was voted down. The document stated that all men are born equal and remain equal before the law. Bill of Rights, the Declaration guaranteed freedom of speech, the press, and religion. A famous Paris playwright, Olympe de Gouges, wrote a declaration of rights for women, but the National Assembly turned it down.
It created a new legislative body called the Legislative Assembly. Citizens gained broad voting rights, but only taxpaying men at least 25 years old had the right revoluution vote. A new American and french revolution slideshare also cut ties to the past. The months were renamed, and every month had 3 American and french revolution slideshare of 10 days. The revolutionary calendar fell out of use, but the metric system was one revokution that was kept. Such a death was quick, in contrast to the agonizing methods of American and french revolution slideshare in use for centuries.
To get to the scaffold where the guillotine waited, the condemned rode in an open cart that paraded through the streets of Paris. At the scaffold, mobs watched the gruesome executions. The framers of the Slideshar deliberately made the national government weak to avoid abuses of power. For example, the government had no power to tax. It also could not negotiate with foreign nations.
The Articles of Confederation produced a government that proved too weak to govern effectively. Instead, they wrote a new constitution. Constitution remains the oldest written constitution still in use today. In a federal system, certain powers are held by the federal government, and other powers are reserved for the state governments.
The executive branch includes the president, who has the power to carry out laws. The judicial branch interprets the laws. Congress, the legislative branch, makes the laws. Congress consists of a lower house, American and french revolution slideshare the House of Representatives, and an upper house, called the Senate. A system of checks and balances ensures that no branch of government becomes too powerful.
Congress responded with the Bill of Rights, the first 10 amendments to the Constitution. The Bill of Rights protected the natural rights advocated by Voltaire, Locke, and Rousseau, such as the freedoms of speech and religion. The Bill of Rights protected a number of other rights, but most important, it guaranteed people equality, or due process, of law.
Same with the Constitution. In a way what the Americans did the French mimicked. In he forced British troops out of the port of Toulon. The following year he won a dazzling victory over Austrian troops in Italy. Using artillery to shoot into the crowd, Napoleon forced the royalists to flee. As a reward for stopping the uprising, Napoleon was put in charge of defending the French interior. He was only 26 years old. Capitalizing on his status as a national hero, he decided to seize political power.
By this time, the Directory had grown weak and ineffective. As a result, some French leaders feared that royalists might conspire to place a monarchy in power. Others feared the growing opposition of European nations, such as Great Britain and Austria, against France. As American and french revolution slideshare result, a group of conspirators began to plot to seize more power for Napoleon.
Exhausted by the chaos of slixeshare Revolution and constant warfare, the French craved the order and stability Napoleon promised. Napoleon also pledged to uphold some key revolutionary reforms. The people would willingly give up some freedoms if Napoleon could bring peace, prosperity, and glory to France. He submitted a plebiscitea question put before all the voters, in Did they want to declare France an empire?
French voters supported him and voted yes. Thus, Napoleon became Emperor Napoleon I. This action told the world that no one gave Napoleon his authority—he took it for himself. He wanted to rule Europe and to extend French power in the Americas. Slideshafe civil war erupted in Saint Domingue, sent an expedition to take back the colony and restore its profitable sugar industry. But the French expedition failed miserably.
This failure led Napoleon to abandon his dream of empire in the Americas. He sold the Louisiana Territory to the United States and turned his focus to Europe. These wars were an extension of the ones fought between France and other European nations during the French Revolution. During this period of warfare, France became the dominant European revoluiton. The Napoleonic Wars lasted untilkeeping France in a state of near-continuous warfare for more than a decade.
Britain helped organize a series of coalitions of European nations against France, and British funds helped strengthen resistance to Napoleon across Europe. Napoleon knew that until he could defeat Great Britain, he would have no peace in Europe. However, Admiral Nelson and the British navy, the commander and fleet that had earlier defeated Napoleon in Egypt, stood American and french revolution slideshare his way. The American and french revolution slideshare navy proved its worth in October when it defeated a combined French and Spanish navy off the coast of Spain in the Battle of Trafalgar.
Two months after his defeat at the Battle of Trafalgar, he won a devastating Ameerican over Ameeican and Austrian troops at the Battle of Austerlitz, near Vienna, Austria. This plan, called the American and french revolution slideshare System, prohibited French or allied ships from trading with Britain. The British responded by requiring all ships from neutral countries to stop in British ports for permission to trade with the French. While trying to enforce these trade restrictions, Britain and France were drawn into other conflicts.
One conflict was the Peninsular War, which drew Portugal and Spain into the conflict between France and Great Britain. In France, Napoleon ensured that some basic ideas of the revolution would remain part of the French government. These democratic ideas included equality before the law and a representative system of government. In fact, these revolutionary principles were those that Napoleon had approved and supported. During the Revolution, the French people developed a new loyalty to France as a whole.
In addition, similar feelings of nationalism spread to peoples that Napoleon had conquered. Photoshop CC Essential Training American revolution and french revolution. Public clipboards featuring this slide. Save the most important slides with Clipping. You just clipped your first slide! Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Others can see my Clipboard.
The causes and consequences of the American and French Revolutions. Why do nations revolt? What happens when they do? American Causes - Political. THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION OR WAR FOR INDEPENDENCE 13 French - Fought between the English and French over control of the. Reverend Joseph Paradis Professor of French. Connecting American, French, and Haitian Revolutions. American Revolution people's victory over British. Compare and Contrast the American and French Revolutions 3 Facts Supporting my Thesis: by: Hannah Kleinman America France Why I.